Have you ever heard that America is a melting pot or a salad bowl? The metaphor for the melting pot is unfortunate and misleading for America. A more accurate metaphor would be a salad bowl, for the salad bowl can be very different from the melting pot because of all its ingredients can make it distinguished from the melting pot. Even today Americans are calling America a salad bowl instead of a melting pot. Whereas it once was a melting pot but soon changed. There have been many questions and many answers for the melting pot and the salad bowl form America and its different citizens. These metaphors can’t be better than the others; they both serve the same purpose just in a different ways.
In my opinion today American is not a melting pot; America was once called a melting pot but now is a salad bowl. First of all America is a salad bowl because people today are able to practice their own culture. On the other hand the melting pot doesn’t allow this because all the cultures blend in to from one culture. The salad bowl allows people to retain their original cultures and traditions whereas the melting pot doesn’t. Despite these benefits, some people believe that America is a melting pot instead of the salad bowl. The melting pot states that we should surrender our culture and ethic identities. Whereas the salad bowl lets you be free to choose what you want to practice. The way I see it is that the salad bowl doesn’t make us blend in or surrender our cultures. The salad bowl has many different features that the melting does not have.
In multicultural societies there are different models of racial integration.
The USA is traditionally called a melting pot because with time, generations of immigrants have melted together: they have abandoned their cultures to become totally assimilated into American society.
But in the UK, where cultural diversity is considered a positive thing, immigrants have always been encouraged to maintain their traditions and their native language.
This model of racial integration can be described as a salad bowl, with people of different cultures living in harmony, like the lettuce, tomatoes and carrots in a salad.
However, managing cultural diversity is not always easy.
The world was shocked by the terrorist attacks which happened in New York in 2001.
All these attacks involved people from Muslim ethnic communities, who seemed to be well integrated in society.
Both models of multicultural societies have contradictory aspects:
- in a melting pot there is no cultural diversity and sometimes differences are not respected;
- in a salad bowl cultures do not mix at all.
For example, in multicultural cities, some people spend their entire lives living and working without ever learning the country’s language.
So which model is better?
The ideal situation would be a society where all citizens have equal rights and opportunities, but can also maintain their own individuality.
It is not easy to put this ideal into practice, but multiracial society is now a reality and we must learn to live together in the best possible way.
Match the beginnings and the ends of the following sentences:
|1.Melting pot societies||a. are different models of integration.|
|2.Salad bowl societies||b. encourage total assimilation.|
|3.Melting pot and Salad bowl||c. have different models of integration.|
|4. Multicultural countries||d. find it difficult to integrate.|
|5. Ethnic communities sometimes||e. respect cultural differences.|